Di Loreto, Christina, Shaulnie N. Mohan BS, Sondra S. Crosby MD, Jeffrey H. Spiegel MD. The Laryngoscope. Volume 119, Issue Supplement S1, page S38, 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To increase awareness of torture among otolaryngologists, and to describe methods and complications of head and neck torture.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review.
METHODS: Five cases of survivors of torture were evaluated in an otolaryngology practice in an urban hospital setting.
RESULTS: The subjects presented with widely variable symptoms and physical manifestations related to the head and neck as a result of torture, in