Evaluation in physical therapy

Physiotherapy for torture victims I: Chronic pain in torture victims: Possible mechanisms for the pain

Prip, K. & Amris, K. Torture Quarterly: Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture, 10(3), 73-76.
This article was reviewed by doctoral physical therapy student, Angela Pitar, from the University of Minnesota, 2014. 
A link to the article from the Dignity-Danish Institute Against Torture library is below.
Background - Throughout the years, several chronic muscular pain syndromes have been described in victims of torture with common findings of:  regional or diffuse pain in the musculoskeletal system often associated with poor sleep, tiredness, paresthesia, headache,

Physiotherapy Helps Individuals and Communities

Hope is hidden within client stories, even when those stories are full of wounds. After surviving war and torture, clients’ lives have changed, and this really affects the whole family. But after clients go through the rehabilitative care cycle with CVT, I see change and hope. I see mothers helping their children after the trauma they’ve experienced. The children become comfortable with their mother again, and the mothers have told me they feel like mothers again to their children. The whole family is once again affected, but in a positive way.

Physiotherapy Outcomes at the Center for Victims of Torture-Nairobi program

Since CVT’s physiotherapy program began in Nairobi, around 260 clients have been assessed at both intake and six month follow up on the Pain and Discomfort Inventory (PDI). On all items, clients showed statistically significant improvements in levels of pain and functionality. Approximately 130 clients have been assessed at both time periods with the Disability Rating Index (DRI) and we observe statistically significant improvements in functional ability for 10 of the 12 activities.

Nearly all of the clients are also receiving, or have received psychosocial counseling services as well.

Psychosomatic group treatment helps women with chronic pelvic pain

Albert, H. (1999). Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 20(4), 216-225.
Reviewed by Brittany Burton, doctoral physical therapy candidate from the University of Minnesota, 2014. 
Please email them at library@dignityinstitute.dk and include a list of desired articles and your mailing address.
Background: In this study, group treatment for women with chronic pelvic pain based on physical, psychosomatic and behavioral therapeutic principles of treatment was assessed.

Sequelae in Soft Tissues after Beating, Suspension, and Fixation

Prip, K. (1994), Torture Quarterly, Suppl. 1, 28-31.
This article was reviewed by University of Minnesota doctoral physical therapy student Angela Pitar, 2014. 
The link to the full text from Dignity-Danish Institute Against Torture is below.
Background: Many movement impairments are found in torture survivors, since they were placed in fixed positions for prolonged periods of time.  This article discusses the effects of tissue stress/strain, the phases of injury, and different management approaches for the different phases. 
Background -
  • when tendons are loaded, all the fibers straighten out

THI Part 1 of 3: History and Evidence of Traumatic Head Injury (THI): Basic Concepts and Principles in the Care of Torture Survivors with THI

Don't miss the other two parts of this webinar series!

Screening for Traumatic Head Injury in a Basic Clinic Setting (THI Part 2 of 3)

Family and Patient Support: New Approaches to Fostering Dialogue and Hope (THI Part 3 of 3)

In the 1950's Dr. Ettinger and later in the 1980s Goldfeld and Mollica identified Traumatic Head Injury (THI)/leading to Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) as a common and severe sequelae of trauma and other forms of external violence. THI/TBI is now likely recognized as the signature injury in American combat troops returning from the wars in the Middle East.

Torture Survivors: Pain Pattern and Disability

Prip, K. (2005). Lunds University. 37 pages.
This booklet is available free of charge from Dignity-Danish Institute Against Torture. Please email them at library@dignityinstitute.dk and include a list of desired articles and your mailing address.
This booklet was reviewed by Victor Chow, doctoral physical therapy student at the University of Minnesota.
Background: In “Torture Survivors: Pain Pattern and Disability”, the researchers strived to categorize their subjective and objective findings regarding physical impairments of torture victims.

Torture! Violence! Physiotherapy?

Faure, M. (1995). South African Journal of Physiotherapy, 5(3), 49-51.
This article was reviewed by Charlotte Hoium, doctoral physical therapy student at the University of Minnesota.
It is available free of charge by request to Dignity-Danish Institute Against Torture by emailing library@dignityinstitute.dk
Background: In this brief article, a description of a four day long training seminar about physical therapy and torture was made, as well implications for physical therapy education are made. Special considerations for treating torture survivors are described.
Possible Implications for