Amris K(1), Rasmussen OV, Baykal T, Lök V. Torture. 2009;19(1):5-11.
Medico-legal documentation of alleged exposure to falanga torture warrants a high diagnostic accuracy of the applied clinical tests. The objective of this study was to establish data on the validity of palpatory examination of the footpads and the plantar fascia and to assess the distribution of observations among selected cases and non-cases in a small study sample. Calculated estimates of sensitivity and specificity of the individual diagnostic tests are reported and, in general, did not meet the authority-based criteria of an 80% cut-off point. The observed total number of true tests in this study was 65 %. It is concluded that future studies of the reliability of clinical examination and assessment of the variability of observations among unselected cases and non-cases should be conducted in a larger cross-sectional study population.
Note that this study's findings were very similar to those of Clinical performance diagnosing alleged exposure to falanga.
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